Information and communication
technologies act as a tool for releasing the creative potential
and knowledge embedded in our people. The Information or Digital
revolution currently sweeping across the globe can be called
mother of all revolutions since it has surpassed all other revolutions
in its impact upon the social, cultural and political spheres.
More importantly, it has ushered in a knowledge economy a thousand
times more powerful than the industrial economy brought
the industrial revolution. This revolution is leading to a power
shift creating a new world order wherein knowledge about acknowledge
is becoming a source of enormous political power. The communication
revolution has a powerful multiplier effect on the overall economy.
Super Computer "Param"
The generation of wealth is closely tied to the capacity to
add value using information and communications technology
and services. In the emerging knowledge economy, India has
a vital stake. It gave the zero to the world, the basis for
the bits and
bytes of the digital revolution. India has the world’s
largest pool of IT manpower, whose computation skills are outstanding.
Its indigenous knowledge is rich, its entertainment industry
India has a huge reservoir of content creators in the entertainment
and information sectors.
Why do almost all international IT companies have software development
centres in India? Why do well over half of the Fortune
develop their software in India? Why are two thirds of the best
software companies in the world located in India? The answer
India’s spectacular Information Technology revolution that
has taken the world by storm. The industry has grown by more
50% annually in the last decade.
IT revenues are on track to rise to US$ 87 billion by 2008 of which US$ 50
billion would be exports. At present Indian software is exported to
more than 150 countries, and accounts for one fifth of global software
development. With 200 million Internet connections within a couple of
years, India's IT juggernaut rolls on.
Information and communication technologies have also revolutionized
sharing of knowledge in various walks of life. Within five
all Government information in India will be on the Internet.
All Government payments will be on the Internet. State Government
will focus on rural artisans and entrepreneurs.
Information technology has
created a massive leap in citizen-oriented government services.
in mind Indian conditions and needs, scientists are trying to
evolve unique ways in which IT can be used for human development
in India. It is finding applications in almost all walks of life
- from education to rural development. Recently, Indian scientists
demonstrated that IT can be effectively used for forecasting
tropical diseases like malaria and filaria.
They have customized a software called Heuristic Engine. This
can predict the period when the mosquito is abundant, the period
when these mosquitoes get infected through biting disease carriers
such as pigs and donkeys, and the period when these mosquitoes
bite human beings. The software that can be integrated with existing
software across a wide range of hardware and operating platforms,
has the capability to access high volumes of data.
Thanks to India’s IT prowess,
distance education, continuing education, adult education and
other programmes to increase literacy among the common people
have now become a reality. Telemedicine allows doctors in remote
areas to share data with experts elsewhere in the country, greatly
enhancing the level of health care to the rural poor. Farmers
in the remote interior parts of India now have access to the latest
prices for their produce on the international market. And illiterate
villagers are sending video mails through public call centers
to their families in other parts of India and the world.
The 21st century has given the Indian IT industry a brand image
that has universal value and recognition. This image is based
on the ability of Indian IT professionals to provide global solutions,
business strategies, investment markets ands cost effective
Within the country, the focus of Indian policy makers has been
on world class value added services, product development and
as India moves into the next orbit of growth where knowledge
sharing is inevitable. India views Information Technology as
for change, a change that encourages people to use IT tools for
self-sufficiency and empowerment. India firmly believes that
the new knowledge economy, no country can remain confined
to its own resources. The information technology revolution
taught all of us that technology has brought all human beings
together on an equal footing. Information technology has made
the world more equal than ever before.
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